Mangroves live life on the edge. With one foot on land and one in the sea, these botanical amphibians occupy a zone of desiccating heat, choking mud, and salt levels which would kill an ordinary plant within hours. Mangroves form forests which are among the most productive and biologically complex ecosystems on Earth. Though most prolific in Southeast Asia where they are thought to have originated, mangroves circle the globe. Most live within 30 degrees of the Equator, but a few even hardier types have adapted to temperate climates.
Mangrove studies include: water quality assessment, sediment surveys, biodiversity index, conservation of endangered plants and animal species, sustainable tourism practices, and human impact analysis.